Teatro de la Tierra

A Yellow Rose From Texas — 2007

Emma Tenayuca, the pioneering Mexican civil rights leader who organized more than 12,000 Mexican pecan shellers to strike in the 1930ʼs in San Antonio Texas, comes alive in “A Yellow Rose From Texas: Emma Tenayuca.”

Written and directed by Agustín Lira, the play tells the story of this unique individual who brought national attention to the terrible working conditions and poverty wages suffered by the pecan shellers, most of whom were women and children. Indeed the pay was so low the workers and their families frequently went hungry; tuberculosis was rampant and the infant mortality rate was the highest in the nation.

The play traces the beginning of Tenayucaʼs childhood in the barrios of San Antonio where she was raised by her grandparents, to her high school years when she is singled out by teachers for her scholarship and leadership qualities. Her broad interests in the academic world, together with her grandparentsʼ work in social justice in the community, led her to participate in her first strike against the Finck Cigar company when she was 16. Arrested and mistreated by the police, who protected the rich, Tenayuca vowed to devote her life to fight for the rights of workers.

The play climaxes with the famous walk-out by pecan shellers that would lead to the intervention of the State of Texas District Attorney, upon orders from U.S. President to step in and settle the strike of mostly Mexican women strikers. Tenayucaʼs fearless defense of her community is remembered to this day. As Lira told Juan Esparza of Vida en el Valle bi-lingual newspaper “her legacy is that she challenged an important enterprise, the power structure of San Antonio city government, called for equal pay for equal work during a difficult time of wage differentials – the Depression – and she articulated the integral issue of Mexican American identity.”

Produced by Patricia Wells, who also portrayed several roles in the play, both Lira and Wells researched the life of Tenayuca. The play features cast members Patricia Garcia Benavidez, who plays the teenager and woman Emma Tenayuca, with Julia Isabel Prieto playing Tenayuca as a child. Merlinda Espinosa sang live and portrayed a leading role as a labor leader who became Tenayucaʼs mentor. Rosemary Montes narrated and acted, other cast members included Christina Armendariz, Richard Stone, Jess Rodriguez, Jose Luis Barraza, Irma Moreno, Liz Arredondo, Ruby Garcia, Rafael Emilio Prieto, Dora Prieto, Liz Arredondo (daughter), Esther Cortez, and sound Elsa Castillo, prompter Martha Martinez and business Manager Margaret Delgado.

Funded in part by the Fresno Arts Council CEP grant, the Alliance for California Traditional Arts LCG program, the Unitarian Universalist Church and the Fresno Center for Non-Violence. Thank you for the private contributions of funds, food and props for the production to our friends, family and supporters.

“A Yellow Rose From Texas: Emma Tenayuca” was performed March 3, 4, 9 and 10, 2007

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